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Restructuring and Strengthening of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)

The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was restructured and strengthened by the Economic Affairs Cabinet Committee. The following measures were taken to refine the policy:

  1. Continue the implementation of ICDS in ICDS Mission Mode and 12th Five year plan.
  2. To initiate institutional, Programmatic and management reforms with revised and widened services package to focus on maternal care, under-3 children and Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE) as per the broad framework to implement with necessary changes in financial norms/allocations and outcomes as per the recommendations of EFC along with flexibility to the States with scope for innovations.
  3. Rolling out Strengthened and Restructured ICDS in three years beginning with 200 High Burden districts in the first year 2012-13; additional 200 districts in second year (2013-14) including districts from special category States namely Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and North East Region and remaining 243 districts in the third year (2014-15) of the 12th Five Year Plan.

The financial implications during 12th Five Year Plan is estimated at Rs. 1,23,580 crore. The strengthening and restructuring of ICDS Scheme would:

  • Prevent and reduce young child under-nutrition by 10 percentage points in 0-3 years
  • Enhance early development and learning outcomes in all children below six years of age
  • Improve care and nutrition of girls and women and reduce anaemia prevalence in young children, girls and women by one-fifth.

ICDS is a universal programme for children under 6 years and pregnant and lactating mothers. Currently it is benefitting 9.65 crore beneficiaries of which 7.82 crore is children under-6 and 1.83 crore is pregnant and lactating mothers. With improved services, the number of beneficiaries is likely to increase.

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